Glaucoma related services fall in two distinct categories; Diagnoses and Treatment
Diagnosis Of Glaucoma
Diagnosis of Glaucoma poses a unique problem because of lack of initial symptoms. The patients do not feel any discomfort in the initial stages of the disease. Even in advanced stages of the disease, the only discomfort a patient feels is the loss of vision.
The only way of detecting and diagnosing Glaucoma is through a comprehensive eye exam. The testing phase consists of several exams that ensure that all aspects of the issue are clearly identified
- Visual Acuity Test that measure the performance of eyes at various distances
- Visual Field Test that checks the initial warning signs of Glaucoma, the loss of peripheral vision
- Dilated Eye Exam that checks the damage to retinal and optic nerve through a microscope
- Tonometry is the test for the internal pressure of the eye
- Pachymetry is the test for the measurement of the thickness of the cornea.
Treatment of Glaucoma
The progress of Glaucoma is irreversible. The treatment of the disease focuses on halting the progress of the issue and protect against further loss of visions.
Medications are often the first line of treatment. The drops and oral medication aim to reduce eye pressure.
Laser surgery has also become a viable option for many patients. This surgery uses laser to improve eye drainage. During the surgery only one eye is treated at a time with a gap of several weeks if the issue affects both eyes.
Finally, once the medications and laser surgery fail, the only option is to employ conventional surgery that opens up an alternate channel for fluid drainage,