Squint is the condition on which the person is unable to focus both eyes at the same target. The situation arises when one eye is focused on a target while the other eye is looking inward, outward or sideways.
The medical term for squint is Strabismus. This has now become an umbrella term for various related conditions in which one of the eye is not looking in the intended direction. In majority of the cases, the problem starts in the childhood. It is estimated that the problem could affect almost five percent of children.
If the condition is not treated at the earliest, the problem could become permanent. Worse yet, the problem could lead to additional issues such as lazy eye or partial loss of vision.
One of the most damaging outcomes of the condition is known as amblyopia. This is the term for vision loss because the person stops using the affected eye.
Classification Of Squint
squint could be classified into four recognizably distinct types.
- Unilateral Squint in which only one eye is affected
- Alternating Squint in which one eye is affected while the other remains normal
- Constant Squint in which the mal-position of the eye is permanent
- Periodic Squint in which the condition comes and goes
Diagnoses Of Squint
Squint is one of the easily recognizably eye disorders. It is easy to assess the presence by visual inspection of the patient's eyes. A more formal exam is carried out by covering one eye. Many doctors prefer Hirschberg Test.