The procedure of Vitrectomy is an important part of treating several eye disorders. In addition, it is also a necessity in dealing with emergency eye repairs such as complete retinal detachment and physical trauma to the eye. Since blood stars to seep into the vitreous gel of the eye after an eye injury, it is important that the gel should not be in the way of examination.
The technique of vitrectomy originated in 1970s when the first surgical procedures were developed. The procedures were intended to help in the repairs of retina, especially to peel of scar tissue from the surface of retina.
The Procedure Of Vitrectomy
A typical session of vitrectomy comprises of three main steps. The first step is the cutting a tiny hole in the white of the eye. Once this is done, instruments are inserted in the hole. The surgeon then suctions out the get.
However, the procedure does not end here. Up till now, the eye is empty and rapidly losing its shape. This could cause serious damage to the structure of the eye. To avoid this, a small volume of gas is injected into the cavity. In some cases, silicone oil is also used to place a small bubble in the eye. While the gas is absorbed by the body, a second operation is required to remove the oil from the eyeball.
During the procedure, the surgeon carries out repairs to retina and ensures that all the tears are properly sealed. A typical session usually lasts for about three hours under local or general anesthesia.